Cadiz

Cadiz

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Cadiz (Spanish version of Cádiz, Latin Gades), in the pre-revolutionary texts of Cadiz, is a city in southwestern Spain as part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. The community enters the area (Komarku) of Bahia de Cádiz. The population of Cadiz is 133,000 people. (2004) (with the suburbs - 629,000).

Cadiz, as one of the oldest cities in Europe, certainly attracts with its archaeological and historical monuments. It is the most colorful city on the Costa de la Luz. Its old town sits on a nine-kilometer peninsula and the most picturesque promenades and beaches are within the city limits.

On the coast of Cadiz - beautiful beaches. Playa Santa Maria del Mar, Playa Victoria and Playa Cortadura stretched for 10 kilometers along the entire New Town. Playa Caleta is a small single beach in the center of the old town. Atlantic breeze here softens the rays of the hot Spanish sun. In these waters you can swim from May to October.

On the coast of Cadiz - beautiful beaches. Playa Santa Maria del Mar, Playa Victoria and Playa Cortadura stretched for 10 kilometers along the entire New Town. Playa Caleta is a small single beach in the center of the old town. Atlantic breeze here softens the rays of the hot Spanish sun. In these waters you can swim from May to October.

The Cathedral of Santa Cruz in Cadiz is considered one of the largest in the country. Built for a long time, it showed the characteristics of different architectural styles. The building of the cathedral is without gilding and decorated decorations of the facade, but it looks majestic because of the sleek classic silhouette and the skillful carving. The cathedral houses unique statues and paintings. Here are the remains of the composer Manuel de Falla.

In the Museum of Cadiz (Museo de Cádiz) exhibited archaeological finds, since the Phoenician period, a rich collection of paintings by ancient and modern masters. On the third floor is a large collection of dolls.

The baroque church of Carmen (Iglesia del Carmen) was built in 1762. Behind it lies the bastion Calendaria, which offers a magnificent view of the bay of Cadiz.

There are two fortresses: San Sebastian (Castillo de San Sebastián), located on a small island, and Santa Catalina (Castillo de Santa Catalina), XVI century, is currently used for cultural events.

Not far from the fortress of Santa Catalina, right on the coast, is a very beautiful park with large and unusually cut trees - the Genoese Park (Parque Genovés). Some plants are imported from America. On the territory of the park there are waterfalls, fountains, flowerbeds, paved paths. And in the evening, the park is transformed by lighting.

In the Plaza de España is a huge monument of the Constitution (Monumento a la Constitución de 1812). It was founded in honor of the adoption of the Spanish Constitution in 1812 by the Spanish Parliament in Cadiz, which was besieged by French troops for 2 years.

In the oratory of Santa Cueva (El Oratorio de la Santa Cueva, 1780) there are two chapels - the upper and the lower. In Nizhnyaya there is a crucifix that inspired Joseph Haydn to write the oratorio "The Seven Last Words on the Cross". In the Upper Chapel you will find a large triptych by Goya.

Cadiz is considered the oldest city in Europe - it was founded 3,000 years ago by Phoenician sailors. Ancient Roman sources mention it under the name Hades; The Greek name is Gadir. Legend has it that the city was founded by Hercules himself, installing "Hercules Columns" here. The area of the city was long considered "the edge of the earth".

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Cadiz was famous for its silver mines. Romans, Carthaginians, Vandals, Visigoths dreamed of reigning over him. In the 7th century, they permanently settled the Arabs. If the power of the Arabs brought prosperity and power to other cities in Spain, the Cádiz became only a military bastion for the Moors. The true flowering of the city began with the arrival of the Christians - in 1261 the city was reconquered by King Alfonso X of the Moors.

Cadiz became Spain's most important port in the 17th century. From these shores the second Columbus expedition set out for the shores of the New World. There were other expeditions to the Americas, and overseas gold was flowing to Cadiz. At that time, the city experienced another, strong economic growth. In 1812, the city became the political center of the country - here the first Spanish constitution was adopted.

National holidays in the city are painted with a special local color. The carnival in Cádiz (Carnaval de Cádiz) is considered the third in the world - it is celebrated in February before the Day of Repentance. The carnival lasts ten days.


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