Andalusia, also Andalusia (Spanish: Andalucía [andaluθi.a], local [andalusi.a], Latin Vandalitia) is a Spanish autonomous community consisting of eight provinces: Almeria, Cadiz, Cordoba, Granada, Huelva, Haena, Malaga and Seville. Its capital is Seville. Andalusia is located on the south-western tip of Europe, in the south it is washed by the Strait of Gibraltar and the Mediterranean Sea, in the west by the Atlantic Ocean and bordered by Portugal. Inside Spain to the north, Andalusia borders on Extremadura and Castile-La Mancha, in the east - with Murcia.
Andalucia (Andalucia) - the most southern region of Spain, washed by the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. The origin of the name of the region is controversial - some scholars associate it with the Arabic toponym Al-Andalus (Iberian Peninsula), others attribute it to vandals (Vandalusia - "land of vandals"). Be that as it may, these lands were inhabited by people since the Stone Age, and already in the 10th century. BC. e. Here came the colonies of the Phoenicians, who were later replaced by the Carthaginians, Greeks and Romans. In the time of the Roman Empire (III century BC - IV century AD), these areas were called Betika, but already in the VIII century. n. e. The territory of modern Andalusia is captured by the Arabs. It is during this period that this land begins to flourish - the Granada, Cordoba, Seville and Jaen kingdoms are growing and expanding, cities are growing and unique examples of Arab architecture and art are emerging. Until now, there are beautifully preserved monuments of antiquity - medieval fortresses and Arab towers of the 9th-12th centuries, many examples of ancient urban architecture and characteristic ancient settlements in the mountains. And the Reconquista period led to the mass construction of Christian churches and the reorganization of existing Arab models, which contributed to the formation of an original Andalusian style in art. In addition, here is the warmest sea, the hottest and longest summer (3000 sunny hours a year!), An attractive landscape and many first-class beach areas. The region is home to flamenco and a special style of "sevillana". It is no wonder that, for all these reasons, Andalusia is considered one of the most interesting regions of Spain for both active holiday fans and ordinary tourists.
The capital of Andalusia and the province of the same name - Sevilla lies on a fertile plain in the lower reaches of the Guadalquivir River, which is also navigable to the city itself. This is an unusually peculiar city, founded, according to legend, by Hercules himself.
Magnificent Granada is located at the foot of the Sierra Nevada mountains in the eastern part of Andalusia.
The ancient Arab capital of the Iberian Peninsula, Cordoba lies in the southern spurs of the Sierra Morena, 120 km from Seville upstream of the Guadalquivir.
The friendly town of Málaga lies on the southern coast of Spain, in the heart of the famous resort area of Costa del Sol. It is the second largest city of Andalusia, famous for its old streets, leafy boulevards and lush gardens. It is also the starting point to many resort areas, so few tourists who have visited the "Sunshine" pass this characteristic port city. The coast between Gibraltar and Portugal is called the Costa de la Luz - these places are popular with fans of water sports.
Lying at the foot of the Sierra de Almihara, the city of Nerja (50 km from Malaga) is interesting with prehistoric caves with numerous underground halls and galleries. The cave of Cueva de Nerja has the largest known stalactite of the planet (63 m), as well as many rock carvings of the Paleolithic period (most of them are inaccessible for inspection). 50 km north of Malaga there are two impressive cave complexes - El Chorro and Antequera (near the first there is a surprisingly beautiful gorge, and near the last - dolmens of the Stone Age). 13 km south of Antekera is one of the most picturesque geological parks in Spain - a massive limestone plateau of El Torca with many rocks of the most amazing shapes, along which are laid three beautiful hiking trails. In Cártama (25 km from Malaga) there is Cocodriles Park, which contains more than 300 reptiles in specially recreated natural habitats for these purposes. And in the "white city" Salobrena interesting Moorish castle and a picturesque black beach.
In the Andalusian city of Almonte, located in the province of Huelva, there is a large museum dedicated to the history and production of wine in the region. It complements the famous wine route of Andalusia, which runs through Huelva and includes visits to cellars and tasting rooms in small towns of this autonomous community